Isaac Scientific Publishing

Environmental Pollution and Protection

Microbial Aspects in Wastewater Treatment – A Technical Review

Download PDF (173.2 KB) PP. 75 - 84 Pub. Date: June 27, 2017

DOI: 10.22606/epp.2017.22005


  • Arezoo Dadrasnia
    Centre for Research in Waste Management, Institute of Research Management and Monitoring, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Mohammed Maikudi Usman
    Department of Biotechnology, School of Pure and Applied Sciences, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, PMB 2076,Yola, Nigeria 4
  • Kang Tzin Lim
    Department of Biohealth Science, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Rita Devi Velappan
    Department of Biohealth Science, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Nasser Shahsavari
    Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Hajiabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hajiabad, Hormozgan, Iran
  • Pravin Vejan
    Department of Biohealth Science, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Ahmad Fahim Mahmud
    Department of Biohealth Science, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Salmah Ismail*
    Department of Biohealth Science, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Generation of wastewater is just unavoidable but its discharge into the environment is of great concern. Wastewater mainly comprised of any unwanted waste that could pollute our water system including sewage sludge, wastewater from domestic, industrial, dairy, fish canning and oil and gas industry. Since the early 1990s, microbial treatment processes have gained increasing attention due to its facility and high efficiency compared to conventional techniques. This paper focuses on the essential mechanisms involved in different microbial treatment techniques and special attention on the most recent challenges and developments will be highlighted in this review.


Biological treatment, bioaugmentation, environmental pollution, wastewater.


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