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Journal of Advances in Nanomaterials
JAN > Volume 4, Number 3, September 2019

Controllable Fabrication of Ultrathin Carbon Layer-Wrapped Noble Metal Nanoparticles Based on Laser Ablation in Carbon- Contained Solutions

Download PDF  (3075.2 KB)PP. 39-46,  Pub. Date:August 21, 2019
DOI: 10.22606/jan.2019.43001

Author(s)
Yebin Cai, Liaoping Cai
Affiliation(s)
Agricultural Machinery Appraisal Station, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, 430068, P.R.China
Instutute of Geodesy, University of Stuttgart, 70174 Stuttgart, Germany
Abstract
A simple and flexible method is presented for fabricating the Au or Ag nanoparticles (NPs) coated with an ultrathin layer of carbon via laser ablation of metal targets in carbon-contained solutions. After the ablation, Au and Ag NPs (about 20nm in mean size) are wrapped with an ultrathin layer of graphite-like carbon. Typically, ablation of Au or Ag metal target in toluene contained solution can form carbon shell-wrapped Au or Ag NPs with the homogeneous shell’s thickness. Further experiments have revealed that the carbon shell’s thickness depends mainly on the carbon content in solutions and can be tuned from 2 nm down to 0.5nm, while laser ablation power and duration only insignificantly influence the thickness. The formation of the wrapped NPs is well described by the metal NPs’ generation and then carbon-deposition during the ablation. This work provides a flexible route for wrapping the metal NPs with the ultrathin shell-layer.
Keywords
Ultrathin carbon layer-wrapped metal nanoparticles, one step synthesis route, laser ablation in carbon-contained solutions.
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